Vertigo and dizziness are sometimes used interchangeably, however they describe two different symptoms and should be viewed as separate conditions and treated differently.
Vertigo is a sensation of movement or spinning, tilting or swaying when your body is not.
Dizziness can be used to describe a range of subjective feelings from feeling faint, feeling woozy, fogginess, imbalance and many others.
Vertigo in itself is not a diagnosis, it only describes your symptom of movement. There are many causes of vertigo, usually related to a dysfunction in the vestibular system of the inner ear. Vertigo can be a very debilitating and frightening experience. Luckily, vertigo can often be managed successfully if it is diagnosed correctly and you receive appropriate treatment from your practitioner.
Some common causes of dizziness and vertigo are:
- Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), where small calcium deposits accumulate in semicircular canals of the inner ear.
- Labyrinthitis, an inflammation of the nerves from the inner ear to the brainstem.
- Menieres, a chronic disorder of the inner that may be autoimmune.
- Mal de Debarquement syndrome (MdDS), occuring after travel on boat, planes etc.
- Migraine, many people with migraine have vertigo accompanying the headache.
It is very common that chronic symptoms of dizziness and vertigo are accompanied by emotional distress. In many instances the conscious or subconscious fear of falling will eventually heighten the stress response in the most robust of individuals often leading to symptoms of anxiety.
At Afferentation Chiropractic, Dr Øystein Kåsa will perform a thorough examination to determine the cause of your symptoms. Depending on your diagnosis, chiropractic adjustments may be part of the treatment, but more often, the emphasis is on restoring vestibular and central nervous system structures with effective rehabilitation and home exercises.